Compare and contrast relative dating and radiometric dating
Today we cannot say that the Copernican theory is 'right' and the Ptolemaic theory 'wrong' in any meaningful physical sense. Relativity is the theory which is accepted as the correct one by the great majority of scientists at present. To learn what the Bible teaches regarding geocentricity, it is necessary to consider separately the three basic assertions of uniqueness, centrality, and fixity mentioned above since the composite "theory of geocentricity" is nowhere mentioned in the Bible.
However, many science teachers and textbooks are not aware of this, and it is not uncommon to find heliocentricity taught as the progressive and "obviously true" theory even today. The assertion that the earth is unique and special (item "c" above) is clearly and unequivocally taught in the first chapter of Genesis.
The heliocentric view pictures the sun as motionless at the center of the solar system with all the planets, including the earth, in motion around it.
Geocentricity is a conceptual model of the form of the universe which makes three basic assertions about the nature of the earth and its relationship to the rest of the universe. A geocentric model of the universe seems first to have been formalized by Ptolemy, the famous Greek astronomer who lived in Alexandria around A. This model was generally accepted until Copernicus published his heliocentric model in 1543.
To be sure, one can fashion implicit arguments for an immobile earth from the Bible, but in no instance do the Bible verses used to accomplish this goal rest in a context of an overall discussion of the physical form of the universe.
Evidently, while the physical form of the universe is an interesting scientific issue, it is not of very great importance Biblically.
It is very clear that the creation of the earth was distinct from that of any other heavenly body.
This is the type of information we would need to deduce whether the earth is at the center of the universe or if it even makes sense to say that the universe has a center.The lack of explicit Biblical teaching on this whole matter makes it impossible to call any conceptual model of the form of the universe "the Biblical view." 5. The Biblical status of the doctrine of creation contrasts sharply with that of geocentricity.The Bible opens with the explicit declaration: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth," and Genesis 1 goes on to outline in detail the doctrine of creation. In particular, every effort by scientists to demonstrate that life does or possibly could exist on other planets in our solar system has so far failed.Such efforts have only served to underscore how different the earth is in this regard from all other heavenly bodies which we have been able to study.